grdproject - Forward and Inverse map transformation of 2-D grd files

grdprojectin_grdfile-Jparameters-Rwest/east/south/north[r] [-Ddx[m|c][/dy[m|c]] ] [-Edpi] [-F] [-Gout_grdfile] [-I] [-M[m] ] [-Nnx/ny] [-Ssearch_radius] [-V]

grdprojectwill do one of two things depending whether-Ihas been set. If set, it will transform a gridded data set from a rectangular coordinate system onto a geographical system by resampling the surface at the new nodes. If not set, it will project a geographical gridded data set onto a rectangular grid. The new nodes are filled based on a simple weighted average of nearby points. Aliasing is avoided by using sensible values for thesearch_radius. The new node spacing may be determined in one of several ways by specifying the grid spacing, number of nodes, or resolution. Nodes not constrained by input data are set to NaN. No space between the option flag and the associated arguments. Use upper case for the option flags and lower case for modifiers.in_grdfile2-D binary grd file to be transformed.-JSelects the map projection. Scale is inch/degree, 1:xxxxx, or width in inch (upper case modifier).CYLINDRICALPROJECTIONS:-Jclon0/lat0/scale(Cassini)-Jjlon0/scale(Miller)-Jmscale(Mercator - Greenwich and Equator as origin)-Jmlon0/lat0/scale(Mercator - Give meridian and standard parallel)-Joalon0/lat0/azimuth/scale(Oblique Mercator - point and azimuth)-Joblon0/lat0/lon1/lat1/scale(Oblique Mercator - two points)-Joclon0/lat0/lonp/latp/scale(Oblique Mercator - point and pole)-Jqlon0/scale(Equidistant Cylindrical Projection (Plate Carree))-Jtlon0/scale(TM - Transverse Mercator)-Juzone/scale(UTM - Universal Transverse Mercator)-Jylon0/lats/scale(Basic Cylindrical Projection)AZIMUTHALPROJECTIONS:-Jalon0/lat0/scale(Lambert).-Jelon0/lat0/scale(Equidistant).-Jflon0/lat0/horizon/scale(Gnomonic).-Jglon0/lat0/scale(Orthographic).-Jslon0/lat0/scale(General Stereographic)CONICPROJECTIONS:-Jblon0/lat0/lat1/lat2/scale(Albers)-Jllon0/lat0/lat1/lat2/scale(Lambert)MISCELLANEOUSPROJECTIONS:-Jhlon0/scale(Hammer)-Jilon0/scale(Sinusoidal)-Jklon0/scale(Eckert VI)-Jnlon0/scale(Robinson)-Jrlon0/scale(Winkel Tripel)-Jwlon0/scale(Mollweide)NON-GEOGRAPHICALPROJECTIONS:-Jpscale(Linear projection for polar (theta,r) coordinates)-Jxx-scale[l|ppow][/y-scale[l|ppow]] (Linear, log, and power scaling) More details can be found in thepsbasemapmanpages.-Rwest,east,south, andnorthspecify the Region of interest. To specify boundaries in degrees and minutes [and seconds], use the dd:mm[:ss] format. Appendrif lower left and upper right map coordinates are given instead of wesn.

-DSet the grid spacing for the new grid. Appendmfor minutes,cfor seconds.-ESet the resolution for the new grid in dots pr inch.-FForce pixel registration [Default is grid registration].-GSpecify the name of the output netCDF grd file.-IDo the Inverse transformation, from rectangular to geographical.-MLet transformed coordinates be relative to projection center [Default is relative to lower left corner]. Appendmto indicate that meters should be the measure unit [inch].-NSet the number of grid nodes in the new grid.-SSet the search radius for the averaging procedure [Default avoids aliasing].-VSelects verbose mode, which will send progress reports to stderr [Default runs "silently"].

To transform the geographical grid dbdb5.grd onto a pixel Mercator grid at 300 dpi, run grdproject dbdb5.grd-R20/50/12/25-Jm0.25i-E300-F-Gdbdb5_merc.grd To inversely transform the file topo_tm.grd back onto a geographical grid try grdproject topo_tm.grd-R-80/-70/20/40-Jt-75/1:500000-I-D5m-V-Gtopo.grd This assumes, of course, that the coordinates in topo_tm.grd were created with the same projection parameters. To inversely transform the file topo_utm.grd (which is in UTM meters) back onto a geographical grid we specify a one-to-one mapping with meter as the measure unit: grdproject topo_utm.grd-R203/05/60/65-Ju5/1:1-I-Mm-V-Gtopo.grd

The boundaries of a projected (rectangular) data set will not necessarily give rectangular geographical boundaries (Mercator is one exception). In those cases some nodes may be unconstrained (set to NaN). To get a full grid back, your input grid may have to cover a larger area than you are interrested in.

gmt, gmtdefaults, mapproject

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